African History to 1875 (Fall 1997)
p525 1778: France recovered its possessions on the Senegal River. p525 1792: Denmark became the first country to end the involvement of its citizens in the slave trade. p584 1795: On June 22, Spain and France signed the Peace of Basel which transferred control over Spanish Santo Domingo to the French in Haiti. p770 1810: In response to an insurrection in West Florida, the US army occupied the area between the Mississippi and Perdido Rivers. Amelie Island in East Florida remained a base of operations for smugglers and "freebooters" who operated across the border into Georgia. p770 1817-1818: Andrew Jackson led an army into East Florida during the Seminole War and occupied East Florida. p770 1823: On December 2, the US announcement of the Monroe Doctrine warned Europeans to refrain from warfare or the pursuit of political and economic domination in the western hemisphere. p771 1828: Construction began on the Baltimore and Ohio RR, the first railroad in the US. p800 1790-1806: Francisco de Miranda (1756-1816) led an insurrection against the Spanish government in Venezuela, with assistance from people in the USA. He briefly established an independent government but it failed in 1806. p824 1808-1809: The English navy aided a revolt against the republican government in Haiti led by Alexandr‚ P‚tion and Henri Christophe. p824 1814: Control over Santo Domingo returned to Spain at the end of the Napoleonic Wars. p824 1822: Foces from Haiti, during the presidency of Jean-Pierre Boyer, invaded and captured Santo Domingo. p824 1844: On February 27, the city of Santo Domingo revolted against Haiti and won its independence, taking with it the eastern end of the island of Hispaniola. p825 1697: Haiti came under French control from Spain as a result of the Treaty of Ryswyck. p825 1795: France got the eastern end of the island of Hispaniola, including the town of Santo Domingo, from Spain. At the time, Santo Domingo had a population of 40,000 whites, 28,000 freed Africans, and 500,000 African slaves. p825 1794: On May 6, a revolt by people of color on Haiti resulted in the death or flight of all whites on the island. The leaders were Toussaint l'Ouverture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, and Henri Christophe. p825 1804: On October 8, Jean-Jacques Dessalines was assassinated. Henri Christophe assumed control of the northern part of Haiti and Alexandr‚ P‚tion took over the southern half of the island. p825 1818: On October 20, Jean-Pierre Boyer became president of Haiti after P‚tion's death and Christophe's suicide on October 8.