Main-d'oeuvre Kayes Niger (1919)
|© 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.|
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There were 25 forced laborers recruited from Kita for work on the Chemin de Fer Thiès-Kayes.
156 forced laborers left Bobo Dioulasso in September 1918 to go work on the Kayes-Niger railroad.
This is another list of employees, their cercles d'origine, and the starting dates of their contracts All contracts were for three months.
|Cercle||Number of workers||Contract starting date|
|Bobo Dioulasso||7||June 12|
|Bobo Dioulasso||25||June 14|
|Bobo Dioulasso||34||June 15|
|Bobo Dioulasso||41||June 21|
|Bobo Dioulasso||27||June 25|
|Bobo Dioulasso||26||June 28|
This letters complains that wages and travel money for forced laborers were withheld, and that rations were short.
Seventy-five laptots (workers on river boats) arrived in Bamako from Djenné yesterday. They were put to work for the Société de Bamako.
This is another French officer who questioned the use of requisitioned labor on the railroad. In order to determine why the desertion rate was so high, he took an interpreter to the prison where six men were being held for desertion. They claimed that they received short rations - one kilogram of millet per two men instead of one kilogram per man, and no millet at all on their day off. They also claimed that they had been paid only 27.30 francs for two months' work. They named their foreman, Fossé, and the cook, Modi Taraoré, as the men who were responsible for their rations.
The six men were Ya Taraoré, Mari Taraoré, N'Golo Taraoré, Dougoutigui Taraoré, Koké Diallo and Ba Diallo.
This note said that the daily ration of 700 grams of millet (or 500 grams of rice) was not enough to sustain railroad laborers. It recommended increasing the millet ration to 800 grams, adding salt and condiments, and serving meat or fish three or four times a week.
Several documents list the names of workers who returned to their villages in the Cercle of Bobo Dioulasso at the end of their contracts. See Ordre de Route for October 17, October 18, October 20, October 24, and December 4. They contain a total of 101 names.
151 forced laborers arrived from Danfara.
|Cercle of origin||# of workers||arrival date|| contract
|Danfara (Bobo)||150||October 11 & 13||6|
This document lists 128 men who started in November 1919 and were contracted to work for 6 months to May 1920.
There were 37 forced laborers recruited from Kita for work on the Chemin de Fer Thiès-Kayes.
Of the 150 men who were sent to the railroad in September 1918, most were "laid off" in February 1919, but the Lt. Gouverneur du Haute Volta said that only 70 had returned to Bobo Dioulasso. Of the 160 men who were hired in June 1919, all were let go in September-October 1919 except two. One died of sleeping sickness and the other was killed by an accident when he fell into a hole used as a chalk oven. Of the 150 men who were hired on October 14, 1919, all were still employed by the Chemin de Fer de Kayes à Niger.
In response to bills submitted by "chefs districts du railway," Terrasson ordered the railroad to continue to pay 1.50 franc per stère of cut wood.
There are other folders in this file concerning forced labor recruitment from the cercles of Dédougou, Mopti, Mourdiah, Nara, Nioro, Ouagadougou, Sikasso, and Sokolo.