anm document

Execution du plan de ravitaillement (1942-1944)
in ANM 1 Q 163 fonds recents

© 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.

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Directeur du Reseau Dakar-Niger to Gouverneur du Soudan Française, nÝ5833A/S.A (Thiès, November 11, 1942)

The railroad needed supplies for its woodcutters. There were 1880 "travailleurs contractuels aux coupes de bois" distributed among seven work sites as follows: 270 at Bagouko, 200 at Kalé, 200 at Moromoro, 270 at Boulouli, 270 at Sébékoro, 400 at Baoulé and 270 at Tiénfala.

Chef du Service Forestière Gachon, "Note pour le Chef de Bureau des Affaires Economiques," nÝ898EF (Dakar, November 27, 1942)

The Chemin de Fer Dakar-Niger planned to operate 10 wood-cutting sites. The first site opened at Négala on November 28, 1942.

Commandant du Cercle de Issa-Ber Faucherand, "Rapport sur la situation vivrière du Cercle de l'Issa-Ber," nÝ1892 (Niafunké, December 4, 1942)

The Commandant du Cercle de Issa-Ber predicted a famine in his cercle in 1942-3 following a bad harvest. Drought reduced the 1942 millet harvest to 20% of normal and the rice harvest to 10% of normal. The Commandant mentions that the food shortage may have a negative effect on labor recruitment.

Inspecteur Général des Colonies Georges Gayet, "Rapport sur le ravitaillement en vivres de l'Office du Niger pendant l'année 1943," nÝ164CGN (Ségou, December 15, 1942)

The Office du Niger needed food for 15,000 forced laborers of the 2ième portion and 2,000 voluntary laborers, plus families, or a total of about 20,000 people. This population was divided into sectors: Segou had 1,000; Markala had 5,000; Niono had 5,000; Kokry had 5,500; Tonka had 2,500 and there were 1,000 others. The resupply plan called for obtaining most of the food requirement in the Cercle de Ségou and adjoining cercles, and not to rely on imports by the railroad.

Service de l'Agriculture, "Situation Agricole du Cercle de Kayes à 18 Decembre 1942"

map of provinces in Kayes cercle
showing limit of rainfall in 1942 1942 was a bad year for agriculture in Kayes. Only the southern part of the cercle got enough rain. The rains stopped early and, given the local tendency to plant late, this meant that most crops did not germinate, or even reproduce their seed. Only cotton did okay, although fonio and maïs were satisfactory. Peanuts were a total loss. As a result, the food supply was critical in all but the southern and south-eastern portion of the cercle, and Africans could not repay their seed advance in kind as was customary.
Map of Cercle de Kayes showing the northern
limit of rainfall (red dashed line) in 1942

Gouverneur du Soudan Française to Governeur Général de l'AOF, telegram-letter nÝ237AE (Koulouba, February 25, 1943)

Military trucks that brought soldiers from Haute Volta to northern Ivory Coast returned empty, so the Gouverneur du Soudan Française arranged to have them pick up grain in Sikasso and carry it to Bobo-Doulasso from whence it was shipped by rail to Abidjan and by ship to Dakar.

Governeur Général de l'AOF to Gouverneur du Soudan Française, telegram (Dakar, April 7, 1943)

The grain shipped from Sikasso to Dakar via Bobo Dioulasso and Abidjan in military trucks arrived in terrible condition; in fact, of the thirty-three tons that reached Bobo-Dioulasso, only eight tons reached Dakar. The Governeur Général de l'AOF insisted on the need to purchase sacks ("bérets") for packaging.

NOTE: This telegram generated a large amount of correspondence with each cercle concerning their packaging needs and how they would get them.

"Releve des expeditions des grains (mil et riz) du Soudan Franáais sur Senegal de 17 au 23 Octobre 1943 inclus"

This is a chart of grain shipments to various destinations in Senegal: Khombole, Saint-Louis, Kaolack, Thiès, Diourbel, Bambey?, M'Backe, Rufisque CLEC (commandantura). As of October 23, 1943, a total of 4,179.232 tons of millet and 1,666.314 tons rice had been shipped.

Société de Prévoyance de Bamako, Annexe de Koulikoro,"Rélevé mensuel des produits transités par la Société de Prévoyance de Koulikoro pendant le mois de Avril 1944."

This letter lists 12 railcar shipments of millet, each weighing about 18 tons. Ten shipments contained grain from Koutiala, while the other 2 carried mixed shipments from Koutiala and Mopti.

Société de Prévoyance de Bamako, Annexe de Koulikoro, "Rélevé mensuel des produits transités par la Société de Prévoyance de Koulikoro pendant le mois de Juillet 1944."

This is a list of railcar loads of millet, each weighing about 18 tons. Eight cars carried millet that came from Diočla, 54 carried millet from Segou and 2 carried millet from Toukoto.

Directeur de l'Exploitation des Messageries Africaines R. de Gasperys to Chef de Service de la Police Spéciale des Fleuves Niger et Bani, (Koulikoro, July 29, 1944)

Four barges arrived at Koulikoro, but two (the Davoust and the Bozo) had suspiciously large losses due to settling in transit, as well as sacks that appeared to have been tampered with. The captain of the Bozo, Ousman Cissé, was suspect and taken from his ship. The director of Messageries Africaines asked for an investigation.