Various documents (1948-1956)
|Notes © 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.|
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This telegram concerns the death of three employees of the Chemin de Fer Mediterranée-Niger in the Sahara Desert. It mentions that the TSF poste at Anefis was closed on July 23, 1948. The author wrote that the employees simply got lost in the desert, and that there is no truth to the story that they were robbed and killed by nomads.
Note: This report has more than 24 pages, so these notes do not begin to cover everything that it mentions.
(p3) "La région parcourue est une des plus importantes du Soudan; elle fait partie de ce qu'on a très justement appelé le 'Soudan utile'" (The region that was covered is one of the largest in the Soudan. It is part of what one can justly call the `useful Soudan.')
(p20) The Cercle de Mopti was formerly administered by M. Robard; now the administrator is M. Barlet. During the season of high river water, Mopti is an island that can only be reached by an artificial causeway. This limits further expansion of the town.
(p21) Sévaré (east of Mopti) has become a site for exspansion. There is already an École Régionale (regional school), and there are plans to construct a Gendarmerie (police station) and a Centre Vaccinogène (vaccination center).
(p24) The administrator in Ségou is M. Accard.
(p25) The École des Filles (girls' school) at Markala is functioning, but not all the buildings are completed. Most of the students are fairly old, and they all want to become midwives rather than teachers.
This telegram mentions floods and destruction in the French Soudan. One third of the African houses in Bamako were destroyed and thousands were left homeless.
This document concerns the family names associated with Bambara ruling classes. They are derived from relationships with the former Keita empire, centered at Kangaba (called Kaba by local Africans). Five families are descended from the Keita brothers, and are therefore descendants of Sundiata Keita. the family names are Berété, Touré, Haydara, Fofana, and Saganogo. They are all families of marabouts, called "Mori si ke duru."
Four families are made up of people from castes, called "wara nani ou namakala." They are the Dyelu (griots), Numu (blacksmiths), Garanké (leather workers), and the Fina or Finé There are 16 families of descended from captive nobles, called "to ta dyo ta ni woro." They are voluntary allies of the Keitas, and sometimes intermarried with them. their family names are Traoré, Koné, Kamara (Doumbia), Kourouma, Mogasouba, Dansouba, Dagnogo, Koulibali, Dyara, Danté, Dougonno, Sogoré (or Kanté), Diallo, Dyakité, Sidibé and Sangaré.
These families are related to people in all of the French colonies. This system of relationships is a force for unity among the different peoples of West Africa.
See also J. H. Greenberg, Étude sur la classification des langues africaines (1ère partie) traduit de l'americain par C. Tardits in Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire, Serie B, Vol. XVI (January-April 1954).
This is an unsigned, undated report that appears to have been written at the end of 1956. UIt provides a timeline for the creation of the Service Social.