anfom document

Lieutenant Governeur Terrasson de Fougères, "Rapport Politique Annuel, Année 1928"
(Koulouba, March 8, 1929)
in ANFOM Affaires Politiques, Carton 160

Notes © 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.

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The author mentions the need to protect the Algeria-Gao route for both the Compagnie Géneral Transsaharienne and the various missions of the Chemin de Fer Transsaharien.

There was fierce fighting near Tisserlitine on October 10, 1928 that lasted for 2 days and required a bayonet charge. The enemy departed in the direction of l'Adrar des Iforhas (mountains south of Tessalit) but were engaged and defeated by a force led by Lt. Lecoq.

During the year, hundreds of Africans left Bamako and Bougouni for Guinea, and about 200 stayed in the Cercle de Siguiri.

39,447 men were examined by recruiters. 2,781 were taken into the army of whom 195 were volunteers (up from 29 in 1927). An additional 6,431 men were sent to forced labor, 22,292 were rejected, 599 were pardoned and 7,338 were exempted. In addition, 319 men who were absent in the previous year were examined this time. The increase in the number of volunteers for the army seems to be due to an effort by Africans to avoid being placed in the 2ème class (forced labor) and required to work on construction. Of the 6,431 who were sent to forced labor, 1,000 were sent to work on the Service Temporaire des Travaux d'Irrigation du Niger and 500 went to the Chemin de Fer Thiès-Niger.

A few "agents de l'administration et du commerce" joined the "Ligue de Défense de la Race Nègre" but their attempts to create a local organization have failed.

In January and March, there was a mission d'inspection that examined the conditions of railroad workeres at Kayes. However, Inspecteur Simon left during the year, so Inspecteur Sicamois was the only remaining inspector.

This table gives a summary of the written contracts between Africans by type, number and total value in francs:

Type of contract Number Total value (francs)
Personal credit transactions (ventes mobilières à credit) - -
Personal cash transactions (ventes mobilières au comptant) 2 3,330
Other personal transactions (ventes mobilières) - -
Marriage contracts (conventions matrimoniales) 70 48,817
Rental contracts (contrats de louage) 4 7,400
Transport contracts (contrats de transport) - -
IOUs (Reconnaissances de dettes 54 77,137.1
Inheritance (successions) 5 107,814.75
Money orders (mandats) 136 46,304.55
Other (divers) 11 95,538
Total 282 386,340.4

The author reported that Sarakolés migrate from Kayes to Selibaby in Mauretania because they can no longer grow enough food in their village of Naali.

The nobles of Nonko who were considered the insitgators of the 1915 rebellion in Bélédougou.

The authority of French-recognized African chiefs was still low. They have little authority in Bougouni, only five of seventeen chiefs in Sikasso have any authority, and the same is true for Koutiala.

The French held a meeting of chiefs in the Cercle de Macina in order to persuade them to cooperate with the work at Kayo. (Although it is not stated in the report, it looks like the work is related to an irrigation project. The report mentions a "dragline" and the development of the region.)

The subdivision of Bandiagara, with 140,000 taxpayers, contains 70 villages controlled by the administration and 10 independent villages. The chiefs of the Habés have little authority, which is instead retained by local nobles.

In the Cercle de Nema, 4 members of the Ahel Sidi cut the telegraph line in order to use the insulator supports to make bullets for their guns.