anfom document

Lieutenant Governeur Terrasson de Fougères, "Rapport Politique Annuel, Année 1926"
(Koulouba, February 10, 1927)
in ANFOM Affaires Politiques, Carton 160

Notes © 1999 by Jim Jones, Ph.D.

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The posts at Tessalit and Tabankort were reopened. However, the northern troops had trouble getting enough camels. They are not allotted enough money and the price continues to rise as the size of the camel herds decline.

This report describes how the méharist partisans were organized. During periods of rezzou, trustworthy tribes were employed under the direction of their natural leaders. They were given arms (mousqueton 1892, i.e. 1892 model muskets) but no training other than target practice. Ammunition was strictly controlled. The most trustworthy were allowed to keep their arms during the period from April to September. Their families received un sécours (probably a monetary payment) in the event of the death of one of the partisans, while wounds or the loss of camel entitled the partisan to "le droit à une indemnité" (the right to receive a payment)

The 1926 rainy season was insufficient and poorly distributed, so food stocks were down. Only the cercles along the railroad and south of the Bamako-Ségou line had enough to feed themselves. To counter the food shortage, the administration purchased rice from Indo-China and forbade the export of "mas, du mil, du ris et du fonio" (corn, millet, rice and fonio) until December 1, 1927 by means of the Arrêté local de 23 Decembre 1926.

32,280 men were examined by recruiters. 2,148 were taken into the army. 5,047 were sent to forced labor and 14,420 were rejected. In adddition, the 652 men were unaccounted for in 1925 returned, so the total number of militayr recruits was 2,800. However, there were only 60 volounteers for the army, and there was a disturbing lack of interest in military service. The author thought it was necessary to raise wages and to disseminate "propagande."

This table gives a summary of the written contracts between Africans by type, number and total value in francs:

Type of contract Number Total value (francs)
Personal credit transactions (ventes mobilières à credit) 10 47,751
Personal cash transactions (ventes mobilières au comptant) 18 19,450
Other personal transactions (ventes mobilières) 7 5,700
Marriage contracts (conventions matrimoniales) 120 32,360
Rental contracts (contrats de louage) 10 7,820
Transport contracts (contrats de transport) 57 18,618.6
IOUs (Reconnaissances de dettes 102 105,549.5
Inheritance (successions) 7 28,350
Other (divers) 20 9,941
Total 351 275,540.1

Since Chérif Hamallah was imprisoned, the Tidjaniste reformers are led by Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Hamed Taleb, a.k.a. El Marabat.

Some of the local chiefs recognized by the French exercise little real authority. This was true in Bafoulabé and Kita, and in the Cercled de Bamako, nine villages near Maramandougou tried to declare their independence of the authority of the local chief, following the instigation of Fode Keita, the son of a former chief.

Fewer people left for Gambia this year, apparently because of "l'effort constant qui a été fait en vue de l'extension des cultures vivrières et industrielles" (the continuous efforts made to improve agriculture and industry in the Soudan).

There were a few deaths due to yellow fever in Ségou.

The annual census shows that the population of Sikasso increased by 4,772.

The Commandant de San confiscated 1,820 flintlock muskets during his tours of inspection.

The census shows increase of 1,514 people in the Cercle de Mopti.

A number of tourists visited Timbuktu, including a mission des Chambres de Commerce d'Algérie who stayed for a week after crossing the Sahara by automobile.

The French established a new post at Rharous (on the Niger between Timbuktu and Bourem) in the Cercle de Gourma. It was garrisoned by a brigade of soldiers equipped with 35 carbines.